What Is Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Used For?
Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic is prescribed for treating bacterial conjunctivitis (also known as pink eye) and corneal ulcers in adults and children. There are two forms of this medication available -- an ointment and liquid eye drops. Both forms work by interfering with a specific enzyme, which prevents the bacteria from multiplying. Off-label uses of ciprofloxacin ophthalmic include treating other types of bacterial eye infections.
An Overview of Uses for Ciprofloxacin OphthalmicCiprofloxacin ophthalmic (Ciloxan®) is a topical antibiotic used to treat certain bacterial infections of the eye. It comes as an ointment and a liquid eye drop solution. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic ointment is used to treat bacterial conjunctivitis, commonly called pink eye. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution is licensed to treat bacterial conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers. It will not treat viral eye infections, such as viral conjunctivitis or ocular (eye) herpes.
Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Use for ConjunctivitisConjunctivitis is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the thin membrane that lines the whites of the eyes and the inner eyelids. When the conjunctiva becomes inflamed, it looks pink or red. This is the reason conjunctivitis is commonly referred to as pink eye.
Although conjunctivitis can be extremely uncomfortable, it rarely causes permanent vision loss or eye damage. It is very contagious, however, so prompt medical treatment is important to prevent spreading the infection from one eye to another, or from person to person (see Pink Eye Transmission for more information about how conjunctivitis is spread).
Conjunctivitis can occur in one or both eyes. Common symptoms of conjunctivitis may include:
- Pinkness or redness in the affected eye(s)
- Eye(s) that are crusted over or "stuck shut" in the morning
- Itchiness or burning in the eye(s)
- A gritty or sandy feeling in the eye(s)
- Watery or thick, clear or colored eye discharge.
The most common cause of conjunctivitis is an infection, which can be due to a virus or bacteria. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic will only treat bacterial conjunctivitis. It will not cure a viral infection.