Tips on Taking Ciprofloxacin
Drug InteractionsCiprofloxacin can potentially react with several other medicines (see Ciprofloxacin Drug Interactions).
What If I Take an Overdose of Ciprofloxacin?As with any medication, it is possible to take too much ciprofloxacin. If you happen to overdose on this drug, seek immediate medical attention.
(Click Ciprofloxacin Overdose to learn more.)
What Should I Do If I Miss a Dose?As with all antibiotics, it is important to avoid missing doses. If you do miss a dose, simply take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and continue with your regular schedule. Do not take a double dose.
How Does This Medication Work?Ciprofloxacin works by killing certain bacteria that cause infections. It does this by interfering with two bacterial enzymes called topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase. These enzymes are needed by the bacteria to copy and repair DNA, important steps for bacteria to multiply.
When and How to Take CiprofloxacinSome general considerations to keep in mind during treatment with ciprofloxacin include the following:
- This medication comes in many different forms. The particular directions for each product can vary substantially, so make sure to refer to the information for your specific ciprofloxacin product.
- When taking ciprofloxacin by mouth, it usually does not matter if you take it with or without food. However, one of the extended-release ciprofloxacin products, Proquin® XR, should be taken with your main meal of the day. Try taking other ciprofloxacin products with food if they upset your stomach.
- When using the oral liquid suspension, shake the bottle well for about 15 seconds before each dose to make sure the medicine is thoroughly mixed.
- Ciprofloxacin tablets should be swallowed whole. Do not crush, cut, or chew them. Also, do not chew the tiny capsules in the liquid suspension.
- You should not take ciprofloxacin oral products with dairy products alone (such as milk or yogurt) or with calcium-fortified juices (such as orange juice). However, you can take ciprofloxacin with meals that contain these food items.
- Do not wear contact lenses while using ciprofloxacin eye products. Ask your healthcare provider when you may wear contacts again.
- You should not go swimming while using ciprofloxacin ear drops unless your healthcare provider says otherwise. In general, try to keep your ears dry during treatment.
- For the medication to work properly, it must be taken as prescribed. Do not miss a dose or stop taking ciprofloxacin earlier than your healthcare provider recommends, even if you are feeling better. Stopping this medicine too soon may cause your infection to return or may lead to bacterial resistance.