What Is Metronidazole?

Metronidazole (Flagyl®, MetroCream®, MetroGel®, MetroGel-Vaginal®, MetroLotion®, Noritate®, Vandazole®) is a prescription antibiotic licensed for the treatment of different infections, including certain sexually transmitted infections. It is especially useful for infections caused by parasites and anaerobic bacteria, which do not require oxygen to survive.
In order to fight infections, metronidazole must enter the bacteria or parasite cell. The cells then cause a chemical reaction to occur with the medication. This reaction produces free radicals, molecules that can damage and destroy cells. This is presumably how metronidazole works to kill bacteria or parasites.
This drug comes in several different forms, including oral tablets and capsules, skin creams or lotions, and vaginal cream. The particular directions for when and how to use each product can vary substantially, so be sure to refer to the information for your specific metronidazole medication.
(Click Metronidazole for more information on this medication, including what side effects may occur during treatment and warnings and precautions associated with this antibiotic.)
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