What Is Ofloxacin Otic Solution Used For?

Ofloxacin otic solution is prescribed for treating bacterial ear infections in adults and children. This ear drop is specifically designed to treat otitis externa (an outer ear infection) and certain types of otitis media (a middle ear infection). This ear medicine works by interfering with a specific enzyme, which prevents the bacteria from multiplying. There are currently no off-label uses for ofloxacin otic solution.

An Overview of Uses for Ofloxacin Otic Solution

Ofloxacin otic solution (Floxin® Otic) is an antibiotic ear drop prescribed to treat the following bacterial ear infections:
  • Otitis externa, which is an infection of the ear canal or outer ear, commonly called "swimmer's ear"
  • Acute otitis media, commonly called a middle ear infection, in children with ear tubes
  • Chronic otitis media in people with holes in their tympanic membrane (eardrum).

Ofloxacin Otic Solution Use for Otitis Media

Otitis media, or a middle ear infection, is the most common type of ear infection. Middle ear infections are infections that occur behind the tympanic membrane (the eardrum), in the part of the ear that you cannot see. The term "acute" means that the infection occurs suddenly and has a short duration, while "chronic" refers to an illness that recurs often or persists for a long period of time. Acute otitis media primarily occurs in children.
Acute otitis media often begins when infections that cause sore throats, colds, or other respiratory or breathing problems spread to the middle ear. These infections can be due to viruses or bacteria. Usually, otitis media is caused by one of the following bacteria:
Ear infections in children can be difficult to detect because children may not yet have sufficient speech and language skills to tell someone what is bothering them. Therefore, some of the first noticeable symptoms may be changes in the child's behavior. Other common symptoms of a middle ear infection in a child may include:
  • Tugging at the ears
  • Fever
  • Irritability
  • Problems sleeping
  • Fluid draining from the ear
  • Loss of balance.
If a child has recurrent ear infections, or has ear fluid that is causing hearing problems, a healthcare provider may recommend ear tubes (tympanostomy tubes). These tubes are surgically placed into the eardrum, to help drain fluid (see Ear Infection Treatment to learn more about ear tubes and ear infections).
Sometimes, people who have had repeated acute otitis media during childhood may get a chronic form of a middle ear infection that is associated with a perforation, or hole, in the tympanic membrane, or eardrum. This chronic form is called chronic suppurative otitis media. The term suppurative means "pus forming." People with this type of ear infection may notice a pus-like discharge from the ear canal.
Ofloxacin otic solution is licensed to treat acute otitis media due to certain bacteria in children with ear tubes. Specifically, it is licensed to treat acute otitis media caused by the following bacteria:
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Moraxella catarrhalis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Ofloxacin otic solution is also used to treat chronic suppurative otitis media in people 12 years old and older with a hole in the eardrum. Specifically, it is licensed to treat chronic otitis media caused by the following bacteria:
  • Proteus mirabilis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
This medication will not work to treat a viral ear infection.
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Ofloxacin Otic Medication Information

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